Consider the following statements regarding Female Genital Mutilation:
1. International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation is observed on 6th February globally.
2. Theme for 2022 Day of Zero Tolerance for Female is “Raising Awareness to End Female Genital Mutilation”.
Which of the above statements are correct?
- International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation is observed on 6th February
- This day is sponsored by the United Nations for their efforts to eradicate female genital mutilation. It was first introduced in 2003.
- This year theme of International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female: Accelerating Investment to End Female Genital Mutilation.
About the Female genital mutilation:
- Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve altering or injuring the female genitalia for non-medical reasons and is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights, the health and the integrity of girls and women.
- Girls who undergo female genital mutilation face short-term complications such as severe pain, shock, excessive bleeding, infections, and difficulty in passing urine, as well as long-term consequences for their sexual and reproductive health and mental health.
Legendary Singer Lata Mangeshkar who passed away recently, was conferred Bharat Ratna in which of the following year?
- Legendary singer Lata Mangeshkar has passed away at the age of 92 after suffering a multi-organ failure. The Bharat Ratna awardee was admitted to the hospital after being diagnosed with pneumonia and tested positive for the coronavirus disease in January. She is survived by her 3 sisters – Usha Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle, Meena Khadikar and brother Hridaynath Mangeshkar.
About the Lata Mangeshkar career:
- She began her career as a singer back in 1942and never looked back. She recorded innumerable songs in over 36 Indian and foreign languages.
- She gave us musical gems such as Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo, Lag Jaa Gale, Yeh Kahan Aage Hain Hum and Pyar Kiya To Darna Kya, among others.
- Having led an eventful and rich life of several milestones, Lata Mangeshkar was conferred with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1990.For her contribution to Indian music, she also was bestowed with Padma Bhushan in 1969 and Bharat Ratna in 2001.
India won the U19 Cricket World Cup 2022 for the ________time by defeating _____in the finals.
- India defeated England by four wickets to clinch a record-extending fifth title at the Sir Vivian Richards Stadium, Antigua.
- India added the fifth title to their collection, having previously won the trophy in 2000, 2008, 2012, 2018.
- Yash Dhull becomes the fifth Indian captain to win the title after Mohammad Kaif, Virat Kohli, Unmukt Chand and Prithvi Shaw.
- Earlier, England opted to bat after winning the toss but they were shot out by India for 189 in 44.5 overs. India chases down the target of 190 with 2.2 overs to spare.
Who has been appointed as the Controller General of Accounts by Government of India?
- The Government of India has appointed Sonali Singh to hold the additional charge of the Controller General of Accounts (CGA), under the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, with effect from February 01, 2022.
- She has been appointed in place of Dipak Dash, who superannuated on January 31, 2022.
- Sonali Singh is a 1987 batch officer of the Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS).
- She is serving as the Additional Controller General of Accounts since October 2019.
- Prior to that, she had also served as Additional Secretary at Central Vigilance Commission.
About Controller General of Accounts (CGA)
- The Controller General of Accounts (CGA), in the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, is the Principal Accounting Adviser to Government of India and is responsible for establishing and maintaining a technically sound Management Accounting System. The Office of CGA prepares monthly and annual analysis of expenditure, revenues, borrowings and various fiscal indicators for the Union Government.
With respect to Chauri Chaura incident, consider the following statements:
1. Chauri Chaura is a town in Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh.
2. This incident lead to the termination of Quit India Movement.
Which of the above statements are correct?
- Chauri Chaura incident is said to have given a new direction to the country’s freedom struggle.
- Chauri Chaura is a town in Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh.
Chauri Chaura Incident:
- On 4thFebruary, volunteers congregated in the town, and after the meeting, proceeded in a procession to the local police station, and to picket the nearby Mundera bazaar.
- The police fired into the crowd killing some people and injuring many volunteers.
- In retaliation, the crowd proceeded to set the police station on fire.
- Some of the policemen who tried to escape were caught and battered to death. A lot of police property, including weapons, was destroyed.
- Mahatma Gandhi condemned the crime of the policemen’s killing. The volunteer groups in nearby villages were disbanded, and a Chauri Chaura Support Fund was set up to demonstrate “genuine sympathy” and seek atonement.
- Gandhi decided to stop the Non-Cooperation Movement, which he saw as having been tainted by unforgivable violence.
Which country has a dedicated satellite for quantum communications called Micius?
- In a major step forward towards satellite-based quantum communication, scientists from ISRO’s Ahmedabad-based Space Applications Centre and Physical Research Laboratory successfully demonstrated quantum entanglement. Using real-time Quantum Key Distribution (QKD), they conducted hack-proof communication between two places separated by 300 meters.
About Quantum Communication
- Quantum communication is one of the safest ways of connecting two places with high levels of code and quantum cryptography that cannot be decrypted or broken by an external entity.
- If a hacker tries to crack the message in quantum communication, it changes its form in such a manner that would alert the sender and would cause the message to be altered or deleted.
- The basic properties of quantum computing are superposition, entanglement, and interference.
- It is the ability of a quantum system to be in multiple states simultaneously.
- The example of superposition is the flip of a coin, which consistently lands as heads or tails—a very binary concept. However, when that coin is in mid-air, it is both heads and tails and until it lands, heads and tails simultaneously. Before measurement, the electron exists in quantum superposition.
- It means the two members of a pair (Qubits) exist in a single quantum state. Changing the state of one of the qubits will instantaneously change the state of the other one in a predictable way. This happens even if they are separated by very long distances.
- Quantum interference states that elementary particles(Qubits) can not only be in more than one place at any given time (through superposition), but that an individual particle, such as a photon (light particles) can cross its own trajectory and interfere with the direction of its path.
- China already has a satellite dedicated to quantum information science, Micius, and demonstrated quantum communication in a laboratory over a coiled optical fibre up to 404 kilometres long.
SRESHTA Scheme of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is associated with-
- Ministry of Education has joined hands with Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment for SHRESTHA.
About the scheme
- It targets the meritorious students of Scheduled Caste. It will also help to control the drop out of students from courses 9 to 12.
- The scheme will provide high quality residential schooling.
- To implement the scheme, NITI Aayog has recognized reputed non – public residential facilities in aspirational districts.
- The government has estimated that the scheme implementation will require Rs 300 crores.
- The scheme is expected to help more than 24,800 students in next five years.
Consider the following statements regarding Dholes:
1. They are also known as Asian wild dogs and found in Central, South, East Asia, and Southeast Asia.
2. They are listed under ‘critically endangered’ category of IUCN list of threatened species.
Which of the above statements are correct?
- A new study has reported the presence of dholes or Asiatic wild dogs (Cuon alpinus) in the high mountains of Central Asia nearly 30 years after their presence was last recorded.
- The animals have been discovered in the Bek-Tosot Conservancy in the Osh region of southern Kyrgyzstan, a few kilometres from the Tajik border. It lies in the Pamir mountain range.
- Dhole(Cuon alpinus) is a wild carnivorous animal belonging to the canine family, found in Central, South, East Asia, and Southeast Asia.
- They are also known as Asian wild dogs.
- Ecological role: Dholes play an important role as apex predators in forest ecosystems.
- Conservation Status: It is under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s ‘endangered’
- The species is protected under Schedule 2 of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 and under Appendix 2 of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
- Ongoing habitat loss: Due to deforestation and fragmentation of forest corridors.
- Depletion of prey base: Ungulates are main prey of dholes whose population is rapidly decreasing due to excessive hunting and habitat loss.
- Persecution due to livestock predation and disease transfer from domestic and feral dogs.
Consider the following statements about Golden Langur-
1. It is endemic to western Assam, India, and southern Bhutan
2. It is listed as ‘Endangered’ in IUCN List of Threatened Species.
3. They are highly dependent on trees and also known as leaf monkeys.
Which of the above statements are correct?
- Recently neighbours of a golden langur habitat in western Assam’s Bongaigaon district have opposed a move by the State government to upgrade it to a wildlife sanctuary.
- Kakoijana Reserve Forest is one of the better-known homes of the golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) found only in Assam and Bhutan.
- The villagers demanded that the “conventional idea of wildlife sanctuary” be dropped and the reserve forest converted into a community forest resource “using Forest Rights Act, 2006, to ensure community co-managed system of participation for sustainable conservation.
- The villagers pointed out that the conservation efforts of the locals had helped the authorities concerned to restore the forest canopy from less than 5% to more than 70%, and the golden langur population from less than 100 to more than 600 over almost three decades.
About Golden Langur(Trachypithecus geei)
- Golden langurs can be most easily recognized by the color of their fur, after which they are named.
- It has been noted that their fur changes colors according to the seasons as well as geography (region they live in).
- The color of the young also differs from adults in that they are almost pure white.
- They are highly dependent on trees, living in the upper canopy of forests. They are also known as leaf monkeys.
- Habitat: It is endemic to western Assam, India, and southern Bhutan.
- Their habitat is restricted to the region surrounded by four geographical landmarks: the foothills of Bhutan (North), Manas river (East), Sankosh river (West), and Brahmaputra river(South).
- Restricted Habitat: As mentioned above, their habitat is restricted by natural boundaries further increasing the threat of extinction.
- Habitat Fragmentation: Their habitat in Assam has fragmented drastically especially after a thrust on rural electrification and massive deforestation.
- Inbreeding: Obstructions such as wires, and gaps in the forest due to felling, have increased the threat of inbreeding among golden langurs.
- Protection Status:
- IUCN List of Threatened Species: Endangered
- Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES):Appendix I
- Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I
- It is listed as among the world’s 25 most endangered primates.
Three new sporting events- surfing, climbing and skateboarding will be promoted to the core program in 2028 Summer Olympics. It will be held in-
- The International Olympic Committee determines the sports to be held in the Olympics games. The committee has decided to conduct 28 Olympic sports and 24 paralympic sports at the Los Angeles Olympics.
- New sporting events to be included in 2028 Olympics- It includes surfing, climbing and skateboarding.
- Removal of sports- Weightlifting, boxing and modern pentathlon have been left off. The sports were removed over the issues between International Olympics Committee and the governing bodies of the sports. This includes AIBA (International Boxing Association), International Weightlifting Federation and Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne.
About the 2028 Los Angeles Olympics
- This is the first summer Olympics to be held in the US since 1996. Before this, the winter Olympics was held in 2002.
- This is the third time Los Angeles is hosting the Olympics. The other cities that have hosted Olympics three times are London and Paris.
- It is the ninth Olympics to be held in US and fourth to be held in the state of California.
Which of the following districts of Himachal Pradesh will be connected by the construction a 72-km-long bypass from Kafnu to Mud village ?
- The Public Works Department is geared up to construct a 72-km-long bypass from Kafnu in Kinnaur district to Mud village in Lahaul and Spiti.
- The bypass will reduce the travel distance between Shimla and Kaza by 105 km. At present, the travel distance between Shimla and Kaza by road is 460 km via Sumdo, close to the China border in Lahaul and Spiti.
- The bypass road will connect NH-5 at Kafnu with NH-505 near Atargu Bridge in the Spiti region.
- The 44 km length of the road project falls under Kinnaur district, while 28 km length in Lahaul and Spiti.
Which among the followings are geographical indicators of Chamba?
- The Postal Department released a special cover on Chamba ‘rumal’ and ‘chappal’ at a function.
- Under a series, the Department of Posts had started releasing special covers on products bearing Geographical Indication (GI) tags.