WHY IN NEWS?
The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development have planned to organise and celebrate Thematic POSHAN Maah in September 2021.
About POSHAN Abhiyaan
POSHAN Abhiyaan is the flagship programme of government of India to improve nutritional outcomes for pregnant women, lactating mother, children and adolescent Girls. This mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the occasion of International Women’s Day on March 8, 2018. POSHAN stands for “Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition” Abhiyaan. This mission was announced in Budget 2021-2022.
Aim of the Mission
POSHAN Abhiyaan divert the attention of country towards the problem of malnutrition and address it in a mission-mode. This mission focuses on the aims of POSHAN Abhiyaan, Mission Poshan 2.0. it seeks to strengthen nutritional content, delivery, outreach and outcomes in order to develop practices that nurture health, wellness and immunity on disease as well as malnutrition.
POSHAN Abhiyaan is a Jan Andolan or People’s Movement. It incorporates inclusive participation of public representatives of local bodies, government department from States or UTs, Public & Private sector and social organizations.
POSHAN Maan is celebrated in the month of September to ensure community mobilization and bolster people’s participation. In the year 2021, as India celebrates Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, this month has been subdivided into weekly themes with a focused and assimilated approach to improve holistic nutrition. It will broadly focus on Plantation Drive for POSHAN VATIKA at Gram Panchayats, Anganwadis, School Premises etc. Saplings of nutritious fruit trees, local vegetables and medicinal plants & herbs will be planted as a part of celebration
WHY IN NEWS?
Event of International Day against Nuclear Tests is held on August 29 each year.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) established and adopted the International Day against Nuclear Tests in December 2, 2009 in its 64th session. This resolution was initiated by Kazakhstan to mark the 18th anniversary of the closing of USSR-controlled Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site in 1991 at Kazakhstan.
First nuclear test
United States Army had conducted the first nuclear test, called Trinity, in a desert site of New Mexico on July 16, 1945. This test empowered United States to drop atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. This event resulted into an estimated 200,000 casualties while the survivors suffered from cancers due to radiation. Nuclear tests by USA and USSR led to the Cold War, that continued till 1991. About 2000 nuclear test explosions were conducted in between 1945 and 1996.
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)
CTBT was established by UNGA in 1996. It was signed and ratified by 170 nations.15 nations signed the treaty but did not ratify. It was not signed by 11 nations.
Significance of the Day
This day highlights the urgency of ban on all forms of nuclear weapons tests and its use by any country. The signatories of the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty pledged to secure peace and security from the threat of nuclear weapons.
WHY IN NEWS?
SpaceX launched shipments of ants, avocados, human-sized robotic arm toward the International Space Station on August 29, 2021.
Recycled Falcon rocket was blasted into predawn sky from Kennedy Space Center of NASA. The first-stage booster was landed on newest ocean platform called “A Shortfall of Gravitas” of SpaceX, after hoisting the Dragon capsule. The booster-recovery vessel was named so, in tribute to the late science fiction writer Iain Banks and his Culture series.
Dragon is also carrying a robotic arm by a Japanese start-up company. It will attempt to screw items together in its orbital debut as well as perform other mundane chores that are normally done by astronauts. The first tests will be conducted inside the space station. According to the company, a squad of these arms could help in building lunar bases and mine the moon for precious resources as early as 2025.
WHY IN NEWS?
On August 30, 2021, Shooter Avani Lekhara has won India’s first gold medal in 2020 Tokyo Paralympics.
India’s Medal Tally
India has won 19 medals so far across all 11 editions of Tokyo Paralympics Games since 1960. It comprises of 5 gold, 8 silver, and 6 bronze.
About Avani Lekhara
Avani Lekhara is an Indian Paralympic athlete of the shooting event. She was born on November 8, 2001. She has been currently ranked at World No. 5 in Women’s 10m Air Rifle standing (SH1). She competed in the 2018 Asian Para Games and has been getting support by GoSports Foundation through the Para Champions Programme. Avani sustained a spinal cord injury in a car accident in 2012. She started shooting after reading the autobiography of Olympic gold medallist shooter Abhinav Bindra. She tried hand in different sports with her father’s support but ultimately, she got inclined towards shooting.
WHY IN NEWS?
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) has proposed amendments in the liquidation process under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) in order to bring transparency.
IBBI (Liquidation Process) Regulations, 2016
It provides that the liquidator should carry on the business of corporate debtor for its beneficial liquidation and exercise all the powers of its board of directors, managerial personnel as well as the partners. It also provides to comply with applicable laws in behalf of the firm.
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI)
IBBI is the regulator to look after the insolvency proceedings and entities such as Insolvency Professional Agencies (IPA), Information Utilities in India and Insolvency Professionals (IP). It was established in October 2016. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code provides IBBI statutory powers. The code was passed by Lok Sabha in May 2016. Present whole-time members of the IBBI include Dr. Navrang Saini, Dr. Ms. Mukulita Vijayawargiya and Sh. Sudhakar Shukla.
WHY IN NEWS?
Union AYUSH Ministry launched a Y-Break App from Vigyan Bhawan
Activities launched by AYUSH Ministry comprises of:
Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav
Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav is a series of events being organised to commemorate the 75th Anniversary of India’s Independence. Events are being organised by government of India and it will be celebrated as a Jan-Utsav in the spirit of Jan-Bhagidari.
WHY IN NEWS?
Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports, Anurag Singh Thakur, launched the Fit India Mobile Application on the occasion of celebrating second anniversary of Fit India Movement.
Fit India App
Fit India App is free and available in English & Hindi on the Android and the iOS platforms. It was developed in a way that it works even on basic smartphones. This app will bring ease of checking one’s fitness levels. It comprises of unique features such as fitness score, activity trackers, animated videos, and my plan in accordance with the individual specific needs.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the age-appropriate fitness protocols in the year 2020. These protocols are certified by World Health Organisation (WHO). A fitness mantra “FITNESS KI DOSE, AADHA GHANTA ROZ” was also dedicated to nation.
Fit India Movement
This movement was launched by PM Modi on August 29, 2019 on the occasion of National Sports Day. It was launched with the aim of making fitness an integral part of lives of every Indian. Fit India was first established by Suparno Satpathy in 1993 and was incorporated as a company in the year 2000.
Fitness Pledge of the campaign is “I promise to myself, I will devote time for physical activity and sports every day. I will encourage my family members & neighbours to be physically fit and make India a fit nation”.
WHY IN NEWS?
Discus thrower, Yogesh Kathuniya, clinched a silver medal on August 30 in the men’s F56 event in 2020 Paralympics.
Men’s F56 event
In the F56 classification, athletes have full arm as well as trunk muscle power. Pelvic stability is provided to full ability in order to press the knees together.
Who is Yogesh Kathuniya?
He is a 24-year-old, B.Com graduate from Kirorimal College of Delhi. He is the son of an Army Man. He suffered a paralytic attack, when he was eight. Attack left him with coordination impairments in his limbs. During KMC, his potential was noticed by several coaches following which he came under tutelage of Satyapal Singh at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium. After some years, coach naval Singh started guiding him.
2018 Para-athletics Grand Prix Competition in Berlin was his first even international competition in which he created a world record in F36 category. He won a bronze medal in 2019 World Para Athletics Championships in Dubai with the throw of 42.51m. This win made ways for him to Tokyo. At Tokyo Paralympics, he sent the disc to a distance of 44.38m in his sixth which was the last attempt to clinch the silver medal.
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