Question: Critically examine the aims and objectives of SCO. What importance does it hold for India?
|Understanding of question:|
|Introduction||Brief introduction about SCO|
|Main Body||§Explain the aim and goals of SCO and challenges.|
§Discuss the importance of SCO for India.
|Conclusion||§Write down some challenges and developments of being member of SCO.|
Created in 2001, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation aiming to maintain peace, security, and stability in the region. India became a permanent member of the SCO in 2017.
SCO aims to strengthen relations among member states. But India-Pakistan-Russia-China relations create a complex matrix of diverging and conflicting interests. To illustrate, China has shown little respect to an international rule-based order. ‘Chequebook’ and ‘wolf warrior’ diplomacy, human rights violations, etc. raise fundamental questions on Chinese commitments to the aims and objectives of SCO.
Moreover, under the guise of economic co-operation, China has pushed its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) projects through SCO.
Likewise, SCO seeks to safeguard regional peace, security, and stability. But China (in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Ladakh), Russia (in Ukraine) and Pakistan (in Jammu & Kashmir) are accused of destabilizing regional peace, security, and stability.
Importance of SCO for India
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