February 24, 2024

Day-6 Answer Writing Challenge : Model Answer

Question: Tribal constitute a considerable population size in India. Discuss the tribal distribution in India. 8 Marks


A tribe is a social division of a traditional society composed of households connected with a common culture and a dialect by social, financial, religious, or blood connections. A tribe possesses certain qualities and characteristics that make it a unique cultural, social, and political entity.

  • Scheduled Tribes (ST) account for approximately 8.6% of India’s population or approximately 10.4 crore people. Over 730 Scheduled Tribes have been notified under Article 342 of the Indian
  • According to the 2011 Census, the Bhil tribe is India’s largest tribal group, accounting for approximately 38% of the total scheduled tribal
  • Madhya Pradesh has the highest tribal population in
  • The overall population has a sex ratio of 940 females per 1000 males, while Scheduled Tribes have a sex ratio of 990 females per thousand 97% of them live in rural areas, while 10% live in cities.
  • The tribal communities in India have been recognized by the Indian Constitution under ‘Schedule 5’ of the Hence the tribes recognized by the Constitution are known as ‘Scheduled Tribes’.


The large tribes of India are the Gonds of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh; the Bhills of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh and the Santhals of Jharkhand Orissa and West Bengal.


  1. North-east India– Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Tripura
  2. The sub-Himalayan region of north and north-west India, comprising hill districts of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh;
  3. Central and East India- Madhya Pradesh (Chhattisgarh),and Andhra
  4. South India comprising Tamil Nadu, Kerala and
  5. Western India, comprising Rajasthan, Gujarat and
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