Question: Recently Prime Minister of India Installed Chola Sengol in New Parliament Building .Discuss In Detail About The Influence of Cholas on Indian Culture?
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The Chola dynasty, which ruled over parts of southern India from approximately the 9th to the 13th century CE, had a profound and lasting influence on Indian culture. The Cholas, known for their administrative and military prowess, made significant contributions in various fields, including art, architecture, religion, language, and administration. Here, we will discuss in detail the influence of the Cholas on Indian culture:
1. Art and Architecture:
Temples: The Cholas were renowned temple builders, and their architectural style is characterized by intricately carved stone temples with towering vimanas (temple towers). Prominent examples include the Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site, and the Airavatesvara Temple in Darasuram Tamil Nadu. These temples served as centers of religious and cultural activities and continue to be revered and visited by people from all over the world.
Bronze Sculptures: Chola art is also famous for its bronze sculptures, which reached great heights during their reign. These sculptures often depicted Hindu gods and goddesses and were noted for their exquisite craftsmanship and attention to detail.
2. Literature and Language:
Tamil Literature: The Chola period witnessed a golden age of Tamil literature. Poets and scholars like Kamban and Sekkizhar produced enduring works such as the Ramavataram and Periya Puranam. These literary contributions helped shape the Tamil language and culture.
Inscriptional Records: The Cholas were prolific in inscribing their achievements on stone, providing valuable historical records. These inscriptions offer insights into their administrative practices, social structure, and economic activities.
3. Administration and Governance:
Centralized Administration: The Cholas are credited with establishing a well-organized and centralized administrative system. They introduced various administrative innovations, including revenue collection, local self-governance, and a robust bureaucracy. This model influenced future dynasties and laid the foundation for effective governance in South India.
Legal System: The Cholas developed an advanced legal system with a well-defined hierarchy of courts and judges. Their legal codes, known as the “Dharmasastras,” played a crucial role in shaping legal practices in the region.
4. Religion and Philosophy:
Patronage of Hinduism: The Cholas were strong patrons of Hinduism, and many of their temple construction projects were dedicated to Hindu deities. They also made significant contributions to the development and propagation of various sects within Hinduism.
Saivism and Vaishnavism: The Chola period witnessed a resurgence of Saivism (devotion to Lord Shiva) and Vaishnavism (devotion to Lord Vishnu). Many important Saivite and Vaishnavite texts and philosophers emerged during this time.
5. Trade and Maritime Influence:
Maritime Trade: The Cholas had a strong presence in maritime trade, establishing trade links with Southeast Asian countries, including Malaysia and Indonesia. This exchange of culture, art, and ideas enriched the Cholan culture and had a lasting impact on the region.
6. Legacy and Continuity:
Influence on Later Dynasties: The Chola dynasty’s cultural, architectural, and administrative contributions influenced subsequent dynasties in South India, such as the Vijayanagara Empire and the Nayakas.
Cultural Heritage: Many aspects of Chola culture, including temple architecture and classical dance forms like Bharatanatyam, continue to be a vital part of South Indian culture and heritage.
In conclusion, the Cholas left an indelible mark on Indian culture through their contributions to art, architecture, literature, governance, religion, and trade. Their legacy continues to be celebrated and admired, not only for its historical significance but also for its enduring influence on the cultural fabric of India
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