March 1, 2024

HPAS/ N.T. Allied Mains 2022-23 Answer Writing Challenge: Model Answer

Question: Explain how Non Co-operation Movement & civil disobedience Movement were different with each other?


CDM Comparison with Non-Cooperation Movement

  • There were some differences between the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Non-Cooperation Movement, such as:
  • This time, the stated goal was complete independence, not just redressing two specific wrongs and a vaguely worded swaraj.
  • The methods involved law violations from the start, not just non-cooperation with foreign rule.
  • There was a decrease in protests involving the intelligentsia, such as lawyers quitting their practices and students leaving government schools to attend national schools and colleges.
  • Muslim participation was far below that of the Non-Cooperation Movement.
  • There was no major labor upsurge that coincided with the movement.
  • The large participation of peasants and business groups compensated for the decline of other characteristics.
  • This time, the number of people imprisoned was roughly three times higher.
  • Congress had a better organizational structure.
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