February 21, 2024

HPAS/Allied Mains 2022 Answer Writing Challenge Day 300: Model Answer

Question: Explain the relation of the Sikhs with the Hill States in 19th Century. (8 marks/120 words)


The relation of the Sikhs and Hill States was cordial during the time of Guru Nanak Dev who was messenger of peace, brotherhood and he visited various places such as Kangra, Jawalamukhi, Lahaul-spiti and Sirmaur etc. The Sixth Guru Hargobind built the Kiratpur on a plot gifted by the Raja of Bilaspur.

Battles fought in Hill States:

Battle of Bhangani was fought between Guru Govind Singh and Raja Bhim Chand of Kahlur. Guru Govind singh emerged as victorious and Raja of Hindur Hari Chand was killed.

Battle of Nadaun was between Raja Bhim Chand Chandel of Bilaspur (Kahlur) and the Mughals under Alif Khan. Raja Bhim Chand Chandel was supported by Guru Gobind Singh (the tenth Sikh Guru) and the Mughals were supported by other hill chieftains, notably Kirpal Chand from Kangra and Dayal Chand from Bijharwal. Bhim Chand Chandel and some hill chieftains, after conclusion of Battle of Bhangani had refused to pay tribute to the Mughal emperor which led to the battle at Nadaun. The battle resulted in the victory of Chandel of Kahlur and Sikh alliance.

Banda Bahadur one of the Sikh warriors captured Pathankot and looted Lahore and afterwards he fought with Kahlur raja. Hereafter hill chiefs started giving Nazrana to him. Later on, Raja of Chamba and Mandi Surrender to the Banda Bahadur.

Sikh Misls and Hill Rajas:

Ghamand Chand of Kangra defeated Jassa singh Ramgarhia. Later on, Jassa Singh Ramgarhia alongwith Jai singh Kanheya defeated the Ghammand Chand.

Sansar Chand II with help of Jai singh Kanheya, seized the Kangra fort. But jai Singh Kanheya refused to surrender the Kangra fort but later on Sansar Chand able to get back the Fort with the help of another Sikh Leader.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Hill States:

Raja Ranjit Singh helped Sansar Chand of Kangra to Liberate Kangra, Nagarkot fort from Gurkha after the treaty of jawalamukhi , but later on Kangra Fort was surrendered to Maharaja Ranjit Singh along with 66 villages.

Anglo- Sikh war:

First Anglo- Sikh war: Hill chief supported British in hope that they will get back their territories from Sikh, but they did not get their territories.

Second Anglo- Sikh war: The Hill chief supported the Sikhs and revolted against British.

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