Question: Why did the ‘Moderates’ fail to carry conviction with the nation about their proclaimed ideology and political goals by the end of the nineteenth century? (8 marks/ 120 words)
The moderates sought reformation of British rule in India. They adopted prayer, petition and protests as their methodology. This yielded little results.
The Indian Councils Act of 1892 proved to be nothing more than a mere eyewash. Moreover, Lord Curzon’s racial, conservative and imperialistic policies such as partition of Bengal ignited the Indian passion against British.
The moderates had belief upon the British constitution. They were driven with the expectation that real change could be brought by making the administration aware of the plight of the people. But the British response proved that they were neither unaware nor in favor of any real change in the way India was administered.
The ‘Moderates’ failed to carry conviction of the nation about their proclaimed ideology and political goals by the end of the nineteenth century because:
Thus, the moderates failed to carry conviction of the nation about their proclaimed ideology of reform and people had become disillusioned with their methods of struggle and political goals. This led to the emergence of more vigorous and rejuvenated phase in Indian anti-colonial struggle.
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