February 21, 2024

HPAS/Allied Mains 2022 Answer Writing Challenge Day 25: Model Answer

Question: Write a note on e-Shram portal? (4 marks, 60 words)

Answer: 

Introduction:

  • e-SHRAM portal has been launched to create a National Database of Unorganized Workers (UWs).
  • One of the main objectives of this portal is to facilitate delivery of Social Security Schemes to the workers.
  • This database is seeded with Aadhaar and for age group between 16-59 years.
  • It includes construction workers, migrant workers, gig workers, platform workers, agricultural workers, MGNREGA workers, fishermen, milkmen, ASHA workers, Anganwadi workers, street vendors, domestic workers, rickshaw pullers and other workers engaged in similar other occupations in the unorganised sector

BODY

  • The data aims at delivery of social security benefits as implemented by Central & State Ministries.
  • It will also ensure portability of the social security and welfare benefits to the migrant and construction workers at their working places.
  • All eligible registered unorganized workers are entitled to get benefit of an accidental insurance cover of ` 2.00 Lakhs for a year, free of cost through under Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY).
  • It may also be used for providing assistance to the eligible workers during any national crisis or pandemic like situations.
  • Over 22.85 crore workers have been registered on the e-SHRAM portal.
  • The States leading the number of registrations – in decreasing order of share in number of registrations – are Uttar Pradesh (34.9 percent), West Bengal (10.7 percent), Bihar (10.7 percent), Odisha (5.7 percent), Madhya Pradesh (3.5 percent) and Jharkhand (3.5 percent).
  • While agriculture accounts for 11.53 crore registrations, domestic workers and construction workers trail with 2.45 crore and 2.2 crore registrations respectively
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