March 1, 2024

HPAS/Allied Mains 2022 Answer Writing Challenge Day 170 : Model Answer

QUESTION: The convergence of the objectives of Forest department and Tribal development framework helped in development of Tribal Communities in Himachal Pradesh. Comment. (20 marks/ 400 words)


The objective of this Tribal Development Framework is to ensure that the proposed project investments and objectives uphold the social and cultural norms and constitutional rights of the tribal communities, while engaging with the tribal communities in a free, prior and informed process of consultation so that their meaningful participation in the process of preparation, planning and implementation is assured and they derive full benefits of the project investments in a culturally appropriate and equitable manner.

The principal objectives of Tribal development framework (TDF) are to:

  • Avoid or minimize any kind of adverse impact on the tribal community and to suggest appropriate mitigation measures.
  • Ensure that the project engages in free, prior and informed consultation with tribal people in the entire process of planning, implementation and monitoring of project.
  • Identify the views of tribal people regarding the proposed project and ascertain broad community support for the project.
  • Ensure that project benefits are accessible to the tribal communities living in the project area.

The tribal people participate in raising plantations on forest land and have the right to collect fuel and fodder from the plantations so raised. The local communities, including tribal, have the right to extract NTFP and also receive timber from the government owned forests. Therefore, Forest Department is also helping Tribals in participation in proposed projects and schemes launched by Forest department.

Objectives of Forest Department aimed at Tribal Development

  • To raise plantations of fuel, fodder and small timber species including sea buckthorn with involvement of people.
  • To improve the existing pastures.
  • To introduce economically important species.
  • To prolong life of reservoirs of River Valley Projects by taking up soil conservation measures.
  • To carry out survey of medicinal and aromatic herbs to conserve and develop them further.

Apart from these other activities of the forest department that directly as well as indirectly have an impact on the local communities, including the indigenous communities include the following:

  1. Improvement of forests, tree cover and compensatory afforestation and plantation through Participatory Forest Management.
  2. Sustainable management of natural resources and wildlife including man animal interface/ conflict outside the protected area.
  3. Reduction of silt load in catchments through Catchment Area Treatment Plans and Externally Aided Watershed Projects (Mid Himalayan and Swan projects).
  4. Capacity building of community institutions created around forest management including Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) and Village Forest Development Committees (VFDCs).
  5. Creating awareness about forests, forestry and bio – diversity. Forest Conservation and Development- implementing schemes for forest protection to counter the increasing biotic pressure and takes measures for protection of forests. Social & Farm Forestry- development of pastures and grazing land and making them available to tribal communities that have dependence on forest resources for meeting their year-round as well as seasonal fodder needs. Under this scheme, high altitude pastures as well as grazing lands adjoining villages are taken care of, by introducing better grasses, raising fodder trees and taking up fodder plantations around villages with concentration of cattle population.
  6. The National Afforestation Program (NAP) is being implemented to improve tree cover and involves Afforestation- to cover blank areas and bringing them under tree cover to achieve optimal land use. Both conifer and broad-leafed species of indigenous as well as tried and tested species of exotic origin, suitable to the site are planted.
  7. Raising Nurseries for Public distribution-raise genetically superior and healthy plants in departmental nurseries for planting activities and for distribution to public so as to achieve the right mix of suitable species (both conifer and broad leafed).
  8. Intensification of Forest Management – Forests are exposed to dangers of fire, illicit felling and encroachments. For better prevention and management check posts are established at suitable places to curb illicit timber trade and providing firefighting equipment and techniques in forest divisions where fire is a major source of forest destruction.
  9. Augmentation of Minor Forest Produce– Regeneration of Chilgoza Pine by raising their nurseries and plantations of in Kinnaur District since it is an important minor forest produce and tribals supplement their incomes by collection and sale of Chilgoza.

Conclusion: So, we can say that the objectives of Forest department and Tribal Development Framework are supplementing each other, which has helped in Development of Tribal Communities in Himachal Pradesh.

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