February 21, 2024

HPAS/Allied Mains 2022 Answer Writing Challenge Day 90 : Model Answer

Question: How Regulating Act of 1773 became the first step by the British Parliament to control and regulate the affairs of the East India Company in India ?  (4 marks and 60 words)

Answer:

  • The major goal of enacting the Regulating Act was to keep track of the Company’s operations in India and England, as well as to eliminate any existing flaws.

BODY

  • Company Retains Possessions: This act permitted the company to retain its territorial possessions in India but sought to regulate the activities and functioning of the company.
  • Control over Indian Affairs: Through this act, for the first time, the British cabinet was given the right to exercise control over Indian affairs.
  • Introduction of Governor-General: It changed the post of Governor of Bengal to “Governor-General of Bengal”.
  • The administration in Bengal was to be carried out by the governor-general and a council consisting of four members.
  • Warren Hastings was made the first Governor-General of Bengal.
  • The Governor of Bombay and Madras now worked under the Governor-General of Bengal.
  • Establishment of Supreme Court: A Supreme Court of judicature was to be established in Bengal (Calcutta) along with appellate jurisdictions where all subjects could seek redressal.
  • It comprised one chief justice and three other judges.
  • In 1781, the Act was amended and the Governor-General, the Council and the servants of the government were exempted from the jurisdiction if they did anything while discharging their duties

 

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