Question: Explain the features of Gandhara art form. What were Greek and Roman influence on Gandhara art?
|Understanding of question: 2 parts first one is about Ghandhara art features and 2nd part is what outside influences like Greek and Roman had on Ghandara art form .
|Gandhara art, style of Buddhist visual art that developed in what is now northwestern Pakistan and eastern Afghanistan between the 1st century BCE and the 7th century CE. The style, of Greco-Roman origin, seems to have flourished largely during the Kushan dynasty and was contemporaneous with an important but dissimilar school of Kushan art at Mathura (Uttar Pradesh, India).
|Kushan, roman, Buddha, heio-centric, etc
| Features of the Gandhara School of Art
GREEK & ROMAN INFLUENCE ON GANDHARA ART
1. Artistic interpretation: The legendary interpretation of Buddha is sometimes presented through roman motifs like triton.
2. Artistic techniques: In artistic interpretation; Buddha of Gandhara is sometimes presented through roman art techniques using vine scroll; cherub wearing Garland
3. Anthropomorphic tradition: The tradition of representation of Buddha in human form is inspired from roman anthropomorphic tradition .
4. Dresses: The outer robe of Buddha of Gandhara like kaaya; antarvasa resembles to attire of roman gods.
5. Greek god as protector: In many images of Buddha in Gandhara ; he is seen under the protection of Greek god Hercules.
6. Vajrapani: Vajrapani found in the right hand of future Buddha is told as transformed symbol of Hercules who is seen as protector of Buddha.
7. Greek architectural influence: Some images of Buddha in Gandhara are presented in Greek architectural environment bearing the affinity of Corinthian.
8. Artistic beauty: The Apollo like face of Buddha; natural realism; wavy hair as seen in images of Buddha in Gandhara resembles to Hellenistic tradition.
9. Intellectual affinity: The hello and bun of Gandhara Buddha signifies intellectual imbibitions of Buddha from Greek
|The art of the Gandhara school was primarily Mahayana and shows Greco-Roman influence.
© 2024 Civilstap Himachal Design & Development